Peeling glycolic acid — what is it and does it for acne?
Increasingly in cosmetic clinics and beauty salons offer patients to try the latest development of scientists, cosmetologists, which is called "glycolic peel". What is it? How effective is the procedure? Can I do glycolic peels at home? Does glycolic acid for acne? A lot of questions, but we will try to piece together all the scattered information.
Peeling glycolic acid
This procedure belongs to the category of chemical peels. Its essence is to remove the upper Horny layer of the skin. This happens due to the effects of glycolic acid in various concentrations.
The principle of operation
Glycolic acid in nature is extremely rare. During laboratory tests it can be found in unripe grapes and in sugar beets and cane. This compound has properties that are widely used by cosmetologists.
- Deep penetration. Scientists have found that molecules of glycolic acid have a much smaller size than other fruit acids. This allowed the eponymous peeling to penetrate into the deeper layers of the epidermis, conducting peeling of the top layer. As a result, improves the function of sebaceous glands, cleansing clogged pores. The skin acquires a healthy and fresh look. The depth of penetration is governed by the cosmetologist depending on the skin type and duration of application and concentration of the applied composition.
- Several times increases the production of collagen. In addition glycolic peel increases the body's production of hyaluronic acid which prevents dehydration of tissues and skin aging. Marked improvement of microcirculation in tissues, normalization of the processes occurring in the deep layers of the skin as well as reduce the time of detoxification.
- Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. Glycolic acid actively inhibits the production and accumulation in the tissues of melanin pigment. Therefore, the number of pigment spots and freckles will be significantly less. Lightened and overall skin tone. As a result of peeling can easily remove ingrown hairs, stretch marks, formed in the process of life, and fine and shallow wrinkles. The basic principle of action of this compound is its ability to eliminate free radicals, preventing full absorption of creams, masks and various nutritional compounds.
Peeling in the salon or cosmetic clinic
Most patients prefer to do the procedure in a beauty salon, as all the procedure will take place under the supervision of a specialist. In addition, in clinical conditions it is possible to use active substances in high concentrations, whereby the effect of the procedure will be much more noticeable.
Cosmetologist during the first reception examines a patient's skin, and depending on its state appoints a course of treatment, the number of which, as well as the concentration of the drug is determined individually. Then the whole procedure is divided into several stages.
- Purification. Beautician not only provides high-quality cleaning of the skin, normalizes pH, but also deals with a special composition that significantly reduces the pain.
- The application of acid. The first session often starts with a relatively small concentration. Use 20 — 30% mixture. This substance allows the technician to gauge the reaction of the skin, allergies or othermanifestations.
- In the future, the cosmetologist uses for different parts of the skin formulations of different concentrations. The last couple of sessions, the concentration reaches 50 — 70%.
- Standard procedure time of about 15 minutes, however, in some cases, the specialist can reduce this time. Mortar is removed with a special solution, neutralizing the acid, then applied the mask. It soothes irritated and inflamed skin while nourishing and hydrating it.
- Reviews of patients who have undergone a course of glycolic peels, indicate that the redness disappears within the first two days. During the next three or four days begins to peel off the old cornified layer.
Glycolic peels at home
Wide popularity, which has won such a salon, it has led to the fact that some cosmetics manufacturers have released special formulations, with a small concentration of glycolic acid. Usually it is not more than 30 %. The most commonly used substance content 5 — 10%.
The procedure resembles a cabin, but since the concentration of active substance is significantly less, and the preparatory stage involves applying a special solution. How to safely conduct such manipulation at home? It all depends on your skin type. Normal or oily skin without special problems will take a similar procedure. But dry and sensitive skin needed more professional care. Therefore, it would be better if her owners will seek professional help in a beauty salon.
Peeling with glycolic acid solves a variety of problems, significantly complicating the life of modern man.
- Age spots;
- Shallow wrinkles;
- Stretch marks;
- Ingrown hair;
- Tired looking skin;
- Fading skin;
In contrast to other types of the chemical cleaning, this procedure has few contraindications. However, you should strictly follow recommendations of the specialist, because, otherwise, there is a risk to cause the skin permanent damage.
- Herpes in the acute stage;
- Damage caused by mechanical means: bruises, cuts, scratches;
- The chemotherapy either in progress or recently completed;
- Individual intolerance to the components included in the product;
- Recent tan.