How to treat vitiligo and what are its causes?
It is impossible to mention the causes of vitiligo to identify the specific causes. There are only rough assumptions, which have some indirect evidence. We can say only one thing: changes in the skin caused by poor enzyme reactions, mostly reduced. Correct response contribute to the development of the necessary amount of melanin, and in disease its production is significantly disrupted, reduced the activity of tyrosinase. Patients of vitiligo with a negative reaction DOPA quantitative norm of melanocytes is fixed without violations.
There are examples, when the disease appeared in humans who recover from hepatitis a or other diseases of the liver. In addition, vitiligo can cause worms. It should be noted the hereditary factor, the risk of transmission of disease from parents to children is quite high. In General, in vitiligo in children is often at least one of the parents are already sick with disease.
Vitiligo is a chronic disease, and externally it is expressed in pale pink or milky color spots on the skin. Gradually the spots become larger in size, form are usually oval. No discomfort external manifestation of the disease causes. Any part of the body can be covered with spots, but suffer more hands, feet, face. If the stain is on the head, the hair also change color, becoming bleached.
The disease has a hereditary character: it is known that malfunction of the human immune system is influenced by the gene for the disease. Often of vitiligo is accompanied by any other autoimmune disease. On the occurrence of the disease and its progression can be affected by the following negative factors:
- chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- various injuries;
- toxic reaction.
The disease may appear simultaneously with diseases such as alopecia, lichen planus, and psoriasis. In addition to external manifestations of the disease hard to see a problem with the General state of the sick. Spots may occasionally become smaller or completely disappear, and then reappear. Doctors do not recommend such patients much and often to be under the influence of the sun. In the beginning of the disease on the skin gradually begin to appear pinkish or white spots. Over time, they increase in size and take different forms. Then the spots may merge into one, forming lesions. As a rule, the spots are localized in exposed areas of skin: hands, neck, face.
Noted that the spots are "in love" symmetrical, but the possible destruction of any one side. Often patients can be seen by the arrangement of spots along the nerve trunks. The affected areas due to the absence of melanin fail to respond to external stimuli, especially in cold air. When depigmentation of the skin can be said about the maximum manifestation of the disease.
How to treat vitiligo
Treatment of vitiligo – a difficult task. After all, it is necessary to relieve the patient from the spots on the body, you need to treat the whole body. The root of the disease lies in the failure melanotropina production of the hormone. It is responsible for the presence in the body of a pigment called melanin. Production of this hormone occurs in the pituitary gland.
The treatment for each patient should be individualized, but in anycase, it will take more than one month. For recovery is influenced by such factors as the environment in which the patient lives, his lifestyle and much more. There are cases when the disease is on the decline after several sessions. The basic rule here is the failure from prolonged sun exposure, especially should avoid travelling in hot countries.
The treatment involves the use of special mixtures and ointments, as well as the intake of chemical drugs. Ointments contribute to an increased skin sensitivity to UV light. RUB the mixture of only the damaged areas of the skin. The most effective preparations include the following:
The basic principle is to force the human body to produce the required amount of melanin without the aid of drugs. Another direction in the treatment of diseases – the use of UV radiation and photochemotherapy (used in many fields of cosmetology). Usually prescribed few sessions with defined time intervals. But among the many modern treatment methods, there are those that give fairly quick results. This laser treatmentwhich is much more effective photochemotherapy. This method has no side effects, and the applied tools included components such as vitamin C and copper. Because patients with an acute shortage of these elements in the body. In addition, use such method as applying a photosensitizing means.
Patient of vitiligo should adhere to a special diet, as special diet in combination with traditional and alternative medicine will help the body to more effectively fight disease. The metabolism should be adequate to support the body during treatment.
You should consume plenty of plant foods. Particularly mention should be made of cabbage, spinach, celery, parsley, bell pepper, lemons, apples, peaches, strawberries. Good effect on the patient having a decoction of rose hips. Every day to eat a few grams of figs, with a ode. You can drink a specially prepared juice from potato, carrot and parsnip (1:1:5).
Marine products, mushrooms, legumes contain sufficient amounts of copper in their composition, so they too should be included in the diet of the patient of vitiligo. Sugar should be replaced by sweet fruits and berries, and products such as chocolate, coffee, alcohol, spicy, smoked and cured should be completely avoided. Instead of black tea you need to drink green tea with mint or lemon balm.
Traditional methods of treatment
Enough to effectively deal with vitiligo is possible with the help of folk healing tools. The most famous are the following:
St. John's wort
Two tablespoons of dry product, pour boiling water and infuse. The resulting infusion of strain and squeeze. The broth should be rubbed into the skin, do not have normal pigmentation. Repeat the procedure two to three times per day.
A few pieces to clean and pour alcohol, insist. Received tincture lubricate the affected areas of the skin. The course lasts 2-3 months.
The root of the geranium (with purple flowers), pour a liter of boiling water, let stand for several hours. The resulting broth can be added to water during bathing. The course lasts two weeks.
With proper patience will help return your skin to its healthy color. The clay is mixed with ginger juice 1:1, and then the mixture was applied to the affected areas. Red claymined from the bottom of rivers. In its composition contains a large amount of copper, the lack of which the body is seen in patients with vitiligo. Ginger promotes blood flow to the upper layers of the skin. Also, well helps infused in a copper pot water.
If the sickness strikes a person, the best traditional recipes for the treatment is considered decoction of seeds of parsley. It is diluted with lemon juice 1:1 and RUB into the damaged areas.
Copes with the improvement of pigmentation melon. Melon pulp press and the resulting juice smearing the affected area of the skin.
Expect good effect is only possible with an integrated approach to solving the problem. This should be treatment chemicals, new developments in the field of aesthetic cosmetology, nutrition and the absence of negative external factors. A radical and expensive treatment of vitiligo is considered a surgical method – transplantation of donor skin. But this method applies so far only in the West.