What is pruritus: the main symptoms and methods of treatment
What are pruritus (prurigo)?
The symptoms and treatment of pruritus must know all who though time faced with this problem. Children's pruritus
it occurs in children from six months to 5 years old with different allergic reactions. The disease is characterized by the occurrence of small nodules which have the size of a pinhead. On the surface pink-red nodule is very often formed a small knot with clear content. At its base is very often marked by seal and redness in the form of blisters, accompanied by severe itching. Thus, the small vesicles with clear content very often stesyvajut children. As a result, may develop chronic infection in the form of an abscess. Podsypaniem nodules occur occasionally, usually during the night time period. They do not merge with each other. In addition to the itching may increase fever, irritability and headache.
The pruritus adults in most cases, a sick middle-aged women after 30-40 years. It occurs on the background of previous child's pruritus, or may develop independently. Most often the cause of prurigo in adults is the increased viral load on the body by lowering the immune system, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes mellitus, violation of the diet, cancer and some common disorders of the body. Pruritus Besnier is characterized by the appearance on the trunk and limbs is larger than in children nodules that have a size of from 2 to 5 mm. They are dense, hemispherical and does not tend to merge, have a pinkish or yellowish-brown color. As a rule, the disease is recurrent in nature. After a period of remission again formed an outbreak. In most cases its occurrence is associated with viral load.
Knobby pruritus is a rare disease. The most susceptible men older than 40 years. The size of the nodes is the biggest of all species of the disease – from 5 mm to 2 cm Causes disease similar to prurigo of adults. Knobby pruritus is characterized by the fact that on the anterior surface of the tibia and the extensor surface of the forearm, forming large nodes. They are not prone to self-resolution. Have the hemispherical shape, of a reddish or brown color. The entire surface of the skin around the nodes is heavily combed and covered with bloody crusts. The treatment of senile pruritus is a long.
Treatment of pruritus
Before treatment is necessary to undergo a thorough diagnosis because only in this case the quick and correct treatment. The main treatment is the elimination of the starting factor in the development of the disease.
Nursing or pregnant mother, and the child is required to be tested for the presence in the body of worms. Parasites, particularly roundworms, are the cause of Allergy in the body. Chronic diseases such as sinusitis, otitis and tonsillitis increase the likelihood of development of Allergy, so you need to engage in their treatment.
To treat pruritus in children, should take antihistamines, neyroplegicheskie and sedative drugs. Among the helpful vitamins especially ascorbic acid, vitamins a, b and R. in the presence of the child vagotonia need to take calcium supplements. Long-term treatment without improvement shall be appointed glucocorticoid drugs in small doses with a subsequent decrease. For external treatment use ointments and creams containing corticosteroids, as well as water-zinc the mash from acne with chloramphenicol at home?" href="http://acne.vsebolezni.com/boltushka-ot-pryshhej-recept-prigotovleniya-sostav-primenenie-pobochnye-dejstviya.html">boltushka on the basis of glycerol. In the presence of pustules should open them and apply aniline dye, 1-2 % solution of potassium permanganate or 5-10% solution of silver nitrate. If there are crusts, they applied a ointment "Geocorton" or "Locacorten". Patients need to undergo sessions of irradiation with ultraviolet light. The therapeutic effect of resting at the seaside.
Traditional methods of treatment
Medicinal properties of celery. You must preferably take fresh roots and finely chop in a ratio of 1 tablespoon to 250 ml boiling water. After insisting for about half an hour you can apply lotions. The remaining mixture should be mixed in a ratio of 1 to 3 with sunflower oil to obtain an ointment that will reduce inflammation and itching.
Since ancient times yarrow was used by doctors and healers for wound healing in prurigo. For treatment of the disease should fresh leaves pour boiling water, then cooled, the plant should be applied to inflamed places. If you have dried yarrow, it is necessary tablespoons herb brewed Cup of boiling water. To prepare the bath should increase the amount of herb to 50 grams. and, accordingly, fill it with 2 liters of water. After the bath do not need to drain, and all the clothes need to change.
Substances contained in wormwood, reduces itching and relieve the redness. When pruritus is necessary to apply its fresh juice on the affected skin. To treat the disease at any time of the year, you can make a lotion of sage, Bay 1 tablespoon plant Cup boiling water. For baths the ratio of wormwood and of boiling water is increased 10 times.
The therapeutic possibilities of burdock has long been known and are widely used in medicine. To reduce soreness, it can be taken both internally and externally. Burdock leaf is lowered into the boiling water, after which the face is fixed on the affected area of the skin. To prepare the broth you need 1 teaspoon of root powder pour 250 ml of boiling water and cook, without boiling for about 10 minutes. The resulting infusion should drink 1/3 Cup before meals. For preparing ointments need to mix the powder of the burdock root with vaseline in the ratio 1: 3 and apply it after a bath with a decoction of oak bark.
An important role for getting rid of pruritus is diet. 15 minutes before breastfeeding, you must give the child about 10-15 drops of expressed milk in advance in order to reduce sensitivity to foods. Especially useful for cheese and carrot juice.
Children who go to kindergartens and elementary classes, you should consume enough fruits and greens. Integral is the intake of dairy products, cooked beef and sunflower oil. You should limit the intake of salt and foods that contain a lot of carbohydrates and fats.
If children suffering from diathesis, their diet is based on the ratio of dietary protein in this system:
- Up to 3 months – 2-2,5 gr. on 1 kg of body weight;
- From 3 months to half a year – 3 gr. on 1 kg of body weight;
- From 6 months –3,5-4 gr. on 1 kg of weight.
Consumption of lipids and carbohydrates should not exceed the norm. After the child turns 1 year, the fat intake should be 6-7 grams. on 1 kg of weight, carbs and 12-14 grams. From the diet should exclude foods that exacerbate the itching of allergic dermatosis.
In pregnancy or milk feeding woman should follow a diet. You need to limit intake of fish, meat, salt and citrus fruits. The diet should be rich in dairy products, vegetables, fruits, and boiled beef.